During the economic policy dialogue, which followed the launch of the report, the urgency of addressing corruption as a pathway to protecting South Sudan’s natural resources was highlighted. Six ministers and two deputies were present, including: Hon. Rizik Zachariah Hassan, Minister of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism; Hon. Dr. Dhieu Mathok, Minister of Investment; Hon. Onyoti Adingo, Minister of Animal Resources and Fisheries; Hon. Joseph Lagu, Minister of Agriculture and Food Security; Hon. Kuol Athian, Minister of Trade and Industry; Hon. Puot Kang, Minister of Petroleum; Hon. Lily Albino Akol, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Food Security; and Hon. Agok Makur, Deputy Minister of Finance and Planning.
“Stewardship is what we are picking up on when we talk about corruption in relation to this Human Development Report. By reducing corruption, we can also address issues of environmental pressures,” said Dr. Lual Deng Achuek, Managing Director of the Ebony Centre for Strategic Studies.
The Human Development Report calculates and ranks the Human Development Index (HDI) of 189 countries annually. The HDI measures a nation’s health, education, and standards of living. The 2020 edition of the report adds two more elements: a country’s carbon dioxide emissions and its material footprint. This year’s index shows how the global development landscape would change if both the wellbeing of people and also the planet were central to defining humanity’s progress.
With the resulting Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI – or PHDI - a new global picture emerges, painting a less rosy but clearer assessment of human progress. For example, more than 50 countries drop out of the very high human development group, reflecting their dependence on fossil fuels and material footprint.
South Sudan is ranked 185 out of 189 countries in 2020, corresponding to a life expectancy of 57.9 years, expected years of schooling (5.3 years), mean years of schooling (4.8 years), and gross national income (GNI) per capita of $2,003. South Sudan’s HDI value (0.433) ties with Burundi, and surpasses Chad, Central African Republic and Niger. Norway, Ireland and Switzerland top the list with HDI values at or above 0.955.
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To learn more about the 2020 Human Development report and UNDP’s analysis on the experimental Planetary Pressures-Adjusted HDI, visit http://hdr.undp.org/en/2020-report