BLOG| Re-thinking with Peace in South Sudan

Mar 23, 2016

Children dance at the Nile river bank

The conflict that erupted in December 2013 in South Sudan resulted in loss of lives and properties. This deprived South Sudanese from realising their livelihood and dreams of an independent Country and reversed the gains that were made since the signing of the comprehensive peace agreement in 2005.

Many of you perhaps might have heard through media reports or know about the Peace Agreement signed last year in August 2015  on Resolution of the Conflict in Republic of South Sudan ( ARCRSS).  The guns are relatively silent lately but in most part of the country insecurity and incidences of violence robbery and killings persist throughout urban centres, especially in the capital Juba. This phenomenon is a reaction to the economic hardship, including, austerity environment and more recently devaluation of the South Sudan currency.  The South Sudan Gross Domestic Products (GDPs) was envisioned to reduced by -7.5 % in 2015 according to Africa economic outlook report published in 2015. The continued global decline of oil price in global market contributed and cast a shadow on the economic outlook of South Sudan since the country is oil dependant.

The Peace agreement has offered people of South Sudan another opportunity to address the root causes of the conflict, which last for more than 20 months and return to a sustainable development trail.  

What can we do different?   

International Community has adopted new global development agenda (17 SDGs targets) as a roadmap to end extreme poverty, inequality and tackle climate changes by 2030. The commitment not to leave any Country behind along the new development path sounds promising and encouraging. Engaging with the top leadership, donors and people of South Sudan in this development path for lasting peace and security is paramount. It’s absolutely essential not to look for odds in the past but refocus our energy and resources for the better future .Adapting new and innovative approach to achieved SDGs in South Sudan is crucial. The first ever National Human Development Report (NHDR) for South Sudan re-emphasised the need to invest considerably in economic and social infrastructure, with specific focus on education, health and capacity building and a more favourable policy environment to improve human development and reduced poverty levels.

If investing in capacity building sector doesn’t change people’s attitude towards developments – then, it’s high time that, we invest in infrastructures developments to change people’s attitude in quest to strengthened institutions’’. The South-South cooperation framework can be mainstreamed into this approach to leverage developments initiatives with aim to strengthened institutions and build resilience.  

Dominic K. Aurelio is Programme Associate at United Nation Development Programme in  South Sudan






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