Social and Human Development

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UNDP is providing technical advice to planning processes, building institutional capacity, and helping to support the development of inclusive economic growth strategies that promote employment, livelihoods and effective delivery of services and reduce inequities and marginalization of the poor and vulnerable groups. 

UNDP’s support to Social and Human Development in South Sudan focuses on two areas that build critical, basic service delivery systems:

-   Strengthening health systems and infrastructure while supporting prevention efforts and providing treatment to people with HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis

-   Supporting the development of a social protection framework including a social cash transfer scheme


The aim of UNDP’s support is to progressively accelerate universal access to basic social services with the aim of building human capabilities and upholding the dignity of all people of South Sudan.


As Principal Recipient of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis, UNDP has provided support  to the Ministry of Health at both the national and state level assisting in Infrastructure development as well as providing technical and coaching support.


During 2012, UNDP provided technical support to the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare advising on the development of the Ministry’s Social Protection Policy and advocating for key social protection interventions.  A key social protection intervention that can  support inclusive growth, are social cash which provide a social safety net and can quickly improve a family’s standard of living while demonstrating the Government’s ability to deliver services to the people. In addition, social cash transfers can contribute to sustained economic growth and human development because the money is spent locally, which regenerates markets and is invested in productive assets like fertilizer or animals.

Current Challenges

South Sudan faces some of the lowest social and health indicators in the world. The infant mortality rate in South Sudan in 2006 was 102 per 1000 live births, while the maternal mortality rate was 2,054 per 100,000 live births - the highest in the world (the rates for neighbouring Kenya and Uganda were 530 and 430 respectively).

Key Achievements

  • Throughout 2012, the Government has taken steps to address some of the infrastructure, capacity and policy-related challenges that are crucial in the effort to establish key service delivery and social protection systems.
  • Spearheaded the discussion with Government on the need for a social protection as a mechanism for poverty alleviation through equitable sharing of resources
  • Provided technical support to the Ministry of Gender Child and Social Welfare to better lead and coordinate the national Social Protection Technical Working Group
  • Promoted South-South cooperation by facilitating a study tour to foster knowledge sharing and expose the technical and political leadership to social protection programmes in South Africa
  • Increased access to 500,000+ women to much needed maternal medical services by constructing seven antenatal clinics and three maternity wards
  • 60,000 households or up to 500,000 people to receive enhanced delivery of medical services through construction of two laboratories and the first national blood bank
  • Improved supply chain management resulting in no TB facilities experiencing drug shortages through seven states receiving on-site mentoring on proper management of drugs and reporting
  • Facilitated access to timely and quality data for strategic planning with nine states now reporting using the Health Management Information System,
  • Constructed and equipped a dormitory for the Juba College of Nursing and Midwifery, as well as provided teaching aids and deployed international tutors
  • 5,000 patients received TB treatment through 124 health facilities providing TB screening and preventative TB care
  • 100% of all new TB patients registered under DOTS and notified to the National Tuberculosis Programme including treatment and cases of relapse as a result of  training for health workers,
  • 100% of HIV positive pregnant women who visited the 22 ante-natal clinics or delivered at a health facility received a complete course of ARV prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child-transmission