UNDP South Sudan: A year of Independence
UNDP’s programme over the last year has supported the development priorities that were detailed in the South Sudan Development Plan in the areas of governance, economic growth, social and human development, conflict prevention and security as well as rule of law. Although the challenges facing South Sudan may seem daunting, progress has been made in building government capacity, fostering livelihoods, supporting needed health services, giving communities a voice and promoting the rule of law. UNDP is committed to working together with the new nation in the next year towards the nation’s vision of a peaceful, democratic, just and prosperous South Sudan.
Core governance and civil service functions
Through the Rapid Capacity Placement initiative (RCPI), UNDP has embedded Budget and Planning specialists at the national level and in every state government Ministry of Finance to provide technical support in planning, budgeting and financial management. In the last year, all ten states prepared annual budgets and five states increased their revenue between 100 and 360 percent. UNDP has also embedded 13 statisticians in the National Bureau of Statistics to provide technical support in the collection, usage and analysis of socioeconomic data to help in development planning, decision making and monitoring.
With support from UNDP and Norway, the Government launched the IGAD initiative to support and train South Sudanese civil servants. Already, 164 of 200 Civil Service Support Officers (CSSOs) from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda have been deployed to key Government ministries and commission at the national and state levels. ‘Twinned’ with their South Sudanese counterparts, these civil servants provide on-the-job training and mentoring to their South Sudanese counterparts in building the service delivery capacity of the new country and its institutions.
UNDP is supporting the state Ministries of Public Infrastructure in five states with high returnees to survey land, demarcate plots, and establish land registry systems. This will help returnees reintegrate into their communities, address food insecurity as people will have land and prevent conflict over scarce resources.
UNDP launched the First African Human Development Report 2012: Towards a Food Secure Future. Despite South Sudan having vast natural resources, 4.7 million people in South Sudan are suffering from food insecurity – the highest number since the CPA was signed. Interventions focused solely on agriculture will not end food insecurity. Rather, new approaches are necessary that cross multiple sectors, including rural infrastructure development, strengthening of the health sector, new forms of social protection and empowerment of local communities and women. UNDP is working to integrate the issues of agricultural productivity and food security into the national development debate while enhancing Government’s capacity to address this growing challenge.
Human development and service delivery
Seventy-one of the IGAD civil servants are deployed to the health sector and have provided life-saving services, ensuring that state hospitals can serve the population during austerity and conflict.
As Principle Recipient of the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Malaria and TB, UNDP’s implementing partners have delivered Anti-retroviral therapy to 5,946 patients, provided treatment to 1,107 mothers to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS to their children, and delivered drugs to 7,308 TB patients.
Through the Global Fund’s Round 9 funding, UNDP has concentrated on strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Health (MoH) by administering resources to construct ten antenatal clinics, eight laboratories, five maternity wards, five monitoring and evaluation facilities, four community resource centres, three teaching institutions and three blood banks. UNDP is also working closely with the South Sudan AIDS Commission to determine ways to fight HIV/AIDS.
Community security and conflict prevention
UNDP supported community consultations in 55 of 79 counties, which brought together village elders, local government, state ministers, representatives from the Peace Commission, religious leaders and community members to find local solutions to their security issues. As a result, UNDP assisted the Government in the delivery of community-identified projects to mitigate risk of violence, including police posts and water access points.
UNDP is providing technical assistance to the Government in crafting a new DDR strategy and programme to reflect the needs of independent South Sudan. In the past year, UNDP has continued to support the Government in providing reintegration support to 12,525 ex-combatants demobilized during the CPA period.
The South Sudan Recovery Fund (SSRF), administered by UNDP since 2008, began a third round of funding in early 2010 that focuses on extending state authority into insecure areas, through large-scale infrastructure projects that will prevent conflict and stabilize communities. Funded by the Governments of the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom, UNDP disbursed USD27.2 million under Round 3.
Access to justice and rule of law
UNDP has supported rule of law institutions in crafting legal aid strategies and policies as well as providing infrastructure support and training in court administration. To expand the population’s access to justice, UNDP has supported dialogue between communities and justice-sector institutions through 56 rule of law forums which are helping mainstream customary law alongside statutory law while raising local issues. In addition, UNDP has also supported the formation of a national, Customary Law Centre and four Justice and Confidence Centres to raise awareness about constitutional rights and provide legal aid.
Through Law Enforcement Advisors embedded in every state, UNDP has supported the professionalizing of the new South Sudan Police Service by providing technical support and expertise on issues such as recruiting and training new officers, setting-up policy and strategic frameworks, and establishing internal control and reporting mechanisms. In addition, UNDP has supported the construction of six police headquarters, six county prisons, four new police training centres and the establishment of 71 Police-Community Relations Committees.