Community Security and Arms Control

Alt text for imageWrestling for Peace Competition for Greater Yirol, held in Mingkaman and organized by Solidarity Ministries Africa for Reconciliation & Development (SMARD) and supported by UNDP’s Community Security and Small Arms project.

 

The Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) project aims to support communities to effectively reduce violence, improve community security and strengthen social cohesion.

The project provides technical and financial support to the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS); the Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control (BCSSAC) and the South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission (SSPRC) in areas of fostering dialogue and community engagement, improving community security, arms control, strengthening local government and rule of law institutions, and broader post-war recovery initiatives. These interventions help the new State to extend its authority and consolidate peace in South Sudan.

Specific Objectives:

  • Strengthen the capacity of the Bureau for Community Security and Arms Control,
  • Integrate conflict sensitivity and community participation into Early Recovery and Development Programming,
  • Strengthen capacity of county governments in conflict-prone areas through infrastructure rehabilitation and provision of equipment,
  • Collaborate with key institutions such as (National Platform for Peace and Reconciliation) NPPR, communities, and civil society through upstream and downstream interventions to promote reconciliation and social cohesion.
 

Achievements

(2015)

  1. Created neutral spaces for collective actions and dialogue for Faith-based organizations, Civil Sociaty organizations, women's organizations and youth in order to shape the narratives on key sensitive issues, after the crisis.
  2. Brokered peace among divded communities in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Eastern Equatoria through peace conferences and inter-communal dialogues after the 2013 crisis.
  3. Firearms Control Bill tabled in Parliament and went through a first and second reading.
  4. Faciliated access to, and delivery of public services and humanitarian assistance through 11 County Support Bases.
  5. Availed data for evidence based, conflict sensitive legislation, policy and programming on community security and sexual and gender based violence.

Way Forward

In the context of a legacy of conflict, the functioning of the government and community social fabric has inevitably been eroded, thus undermining the social contract between the state and its citizens. Only an estimated 28% of citizens feel that peace has improved since independence; citizen satisfaction with basic services stands at 19%. Furthermore, post traumatic stress disorder is at an estimated prevalence of 59%.

In terms of national cohesion, there is an estimated 38% prevalence of mistrust for members of other tribes and an estimated 28% of citizens would not elect a leader from a different tribe. Based on this there is reason to engage in efforts to foster deeper community cohesion through reconciliation, dialogue and to strengthen conflict prevention capacities at national and local levels, thus systematically integrating conflict sensitive thinking into institutions and systems of governance.

Beyond 2016, CSAC is in the process of developing a 5 year project on Community Security and Social Cohesion focusing on:

  1. Strengthening the infrastructure for peace and reconciliation at national and local levels.
  2. Research to generate data for conflict sensitive and evidence-based policies, planning and programming.
  3. Addressing SGBV and psychosocial trauma for conflict prevention, reconciliation and peacebuilding.
  4. Strengthening community security and small arms agenda.

Contributions

Donor name

Contributing amount

UNDP

 USD 512,166

UK (DFID)

 USD 2,875,350

Sweden

 USD 1,949,350

Swiss

 USD 241,373

Norway

 USD 283,401

Delivery by year

Year

Total amount delivered

2015

 USD 6,903,215.60

2014

 USD 6,379,725.22

2013

 USD 15,009,993.52

2012

 USD 9,558,483.68

2011

 USD 6,035,071.68

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