Protected Area Network Management

Project Description

The project support conservation in the post-conflict development of South Sudan through enhanced and effective management of protected areas.  The vision for protected areas management in South Sudan is “An ecologically representative and connected network of protected areas, subject to efficient management arrangements for the situation of South Sudan and adequately financed through multiple sources”. The two main objectives of the projects are; a) reassessing the present protected area estate to ensure the identification of key migratory routes and wildlife corridors within the protected area network; and b) building the capacity of the Ministry of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism to effectively manage and sustainably develop South Sudan’s key protected areas.


Output 1: Strengthened management for protected areas, institutional capacity will be increased from 42% to 52%, expanding the protected area network from 350,000 ha to 6,800,000 ha.

Output 2: Improved management of four key protected areas (Southern, Bandingalo and Boma National Parks and Zeraf Reserve)

Output 3: A sustainable funding source for protected areas is developed (baseline score increased from 5% to 20%).


  • Improved wildlife monitoring: With UNDP’s technical and financial support, the law enforcement monitoring and wildlife protection mechanisms which were put in place to monitor and combat trading in wildlife products and trafficking of ivory. These mechanisms resulted in a number of achievements being realised:
  1. On the 7th December 13, a law enforcement operation was conducted in Yirol at Nyang, in Yirol East County, leading to seizure of 21 chopped pieces of ivory, 19 ivory bangles and 1 hippo skin
  2. On December 9, 2013, an Egyptian was arrested with articles locally curved from ivory at Juba International Airport (JIA) by the Wildlife Service staff. The suspect is currently undergoing investigations.
  3. Another wildlife trafficking operations conducted on December 9, 2013 also led to the seizure of 32 pieces of ivory at the New Site (Bilpam) area in Juba after three days of monitoring efforts.

The project provided technical and logistical support to the wildlife officers and rangers to undertake law enforcement operations.

  • Wildlife Bills drafted: Drafting of the Wildlife and Tourism Bills was completed in 2013. By December 2013, the Bills were undergoing a final review before they could be submitted to the Council of Ministers for approval and subsequent processes. Preparation of the draft Tourism Master Plan to guide the implementation of the Tourism Bill and Policy commenced in 2013.
  • Strategies in place to reduce encroachment to protected areas: A number of strategies have been put in place to address encroachment into protected areas. These include: construction of Southern National Park Headquarters and subsequent deployment of forces in the national parks; increased engagement between the parks and surrounding communities to monitor and report hunting activities, control grazing of cattle and honey collection in the parks.

The process to design a broader protected area network strategic plan in conformity with IUCN’s criteria of protected area was underway as of December 2013. Compilation of data on wildlife distribution and movement was ongoing; aerial surveys had been completed, socio-economic surveys were ongoing and ecological surveys were planned to commence in early 2014.

Project Overview
Project name
Protected Area Network Management
Project start date
1 March 2011
Estimated end date
31 January 2015
Geographic coverage
UNDAF outcome
Outcome 2: Chronic food insecurity is reduced and household incomes increase
Focal Person
Biplove Choudhary
Team Leader
Human Development and Inclusive Growth Unit
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)
Ministry of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism
University of Juba
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Budget (2014)
USD 652,099