Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) Programme

Supporting security and stability

A robust Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme is critical to security and stability in a post-conflict nation so that recovery and development can begin.  Reintegration is the main measure of success for DDR as it helps ex-combatants cultivate new economic livelihoods and ultimately builds new lives and communities.  UNDP works closely with the Government on the reintegration component.


The first phase of DDR in South Sudan targeted special needs groups including women and children associated with armed forces and combatants with physical disabilities.  During this phase, 12,525 combatants were demobilized and 10,926 registered for reintegration training and support.  UNDP partnered with training providers to offer reintegration support which included civil education, vocational training in business management, agriculture, livestock, and opportunities to pursue further academic education.  In 2011, 8,307 of the registered ex-combatants completed reintegration training with 97 percent receiving start-up kits for their new professions while 1,443 were still receiving training. 

A new approach to DDR

However, with the declaration of independence in July 2011 came the opportunity for a new approach to DDR.  The Government, through the South Sudan DDR Commission (SSDDRC) and with technical advice from UNDP is currently finalizing the post-independence strategy.  The post-independence DDR programme, aims to build long-term peace and stability by fostering sustainable livelihoods for ex-combatants.  This second phase will include the special needs populations from phase one but will also target the 80,000 active SPLA members and the 70,000 personnel affiliated with other organized forces.

UNDP is supporting the Government to strengthen the capacity of various line ministries to provide reintegration services and referral systems to meet the various needs of ex-combatants in a more streamlined fashion.  Through the provision of a wide range of services, ex-combatants will be supported in their social recognition and will be provided with opportunities to build alternative livelihoods and careers.

Project Overview
Project Name
Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) Programme
Project start date
Project end date
31 December 2012
Geographic coverage
Focal Point
Amanuel Gebremedhin
Team Leader
Conflict Prevention and Recovery Unit
DDR Commission
Ministry of Defense
Associated line ministries
Sweden Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW)
Canada (CIDA)
Multi-Donor Trust Fund – South Sudan (MDTF-SS)
Budget (2012)
USD 13,321,086