Community Security and Arms Control

Supporting conflict prevention activities


The overall goal of UNDP’s Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) project is to support the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) to build sufficient capacity to discharge its duty to protect the rights and lives of South Sudanese citizens.  Since 2009, UNDP has supported the Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control (BCSSAC) and the South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission (SSPRC) to address the root causes of armed violence, implement Conflict Sensitive Development Projects (CSDPs), and employ peacebuilding measures at county level.  This include support to the BCSSAC to conduct public information and sensitization campaigns to “disarm the minds” of South Sudanese of the need to have small arms and light weapons. This process is meant to increase knowledge, stimulate dialogue between communities and state authorities, as well as positively change long-held socio-cultural perceptions about the need to own firearms.  In a way, it also fosters the establishment of a social contract between the people and their Government.    The overall goal of UNDP’s Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) project is to support the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) to build sufficient capacity to discharge its duty to protect the rights and lives of South Sudanese citizens.  Since 2009, UNDP has supported the Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control (BCSSAC) and the South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission (SSPRC) to address the root causes of armed violence, implement Conflict Sensitive Development Projects (CSDPs), and employ peacebuilding measures at county level.  This include support to the BCSSAC to conduct public information and sensitization campaigns to “disarm the minds” of South Sudanese of the need to have small arms and light weapons. This process is meant to increase knowledge, stimulate dialogue between communities and state authorities, as well as positively change long-held socio-cultural perceptions about the need to own firearms.  In a way, it also fosters the establishment of a social contract between the people and their Government.

Achievements

By mid-December 2013, field missions to monitor the impact of the CSDPs in Lakes, Unity, Warrap, Upper Nile, Jonglei and Eastern Equatoria states showed a steady improvement in perceptions of community security among communities and state authorities.  Key achievements include: 

  • Extended rule of law facilities reaching over 300,000 people in the main conflict prone states. These facilities increased engagement between communities and the police, deterred the commission of crime, and created an enabling security environment that attracted development partners and service providers to remote areas, encouraged the building of residential tukuls (huts) around the police posts, and stimulated trade and other economic activities that saw local people investing in their communities. 
  • Law enforcement agencies were provided with radio communication and transportation facilities that enhanced their ability to be more responsive to community security emergencies as well reach remote and conflict-prone areas to conduct high visibility patrols.
  • Under the Jonglei state ‘Peacebuilding Through Food Security Programme’ supported by the UNDP, approximately 72 Youth Farm Groups were formed, 3,600 Fedans (acres) were ploughed, and 3,357 youth (2921 male and 436 female youth) were engaged in agricultural activities.  In Eastern Equatoria state, at least two counties reported increases in household incomes and a reduction in sexual/gender-based violence among members of women’s farm groups that engage in agricultural activities within the safety of their community.
  • Over 80 water points and boreholes were constructed across the country, and they provided a direct lifeline for many communities. They also mitigated conflicts caused by violent competitions over scarce water resources, and provided sources for youth to engage in brick making commercial activities. 
  •  The Community Security Caravan staged 94 public awareness and sensitization events in 40 conflict-prone counties in Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Unity, Upper Nile and Warrap states. Approximately 60,000 people were reached by public awareness campaigns.
  • Implemented interactive radio programmes in all the ten states. About 828 radio programmes were aired; 828 panel discussants participated in the radio shows and 60 radio drama episodes on different community security; peace and development topics recorded, pretested and approved by relevant government institutions before airing.
  • According to the Quarterly Crime Statistics Reports (1 and 2) 2013, cases of cattle theft fell from 40.8% (of total crime figures in the first quarter of 2013) to 3.1% in the second quarter of 2013.  This progress is partly attributable to UNDP’s successful support to South Sudan National Police Service (SSNPS) to implement the Livestock Protection Unit (LPU) project in Jonglei State where incidents of cattle theft were highest in the country.
  • Between Q1 and Q4 of 2013, 17 out of the planned 19 CSBs were technically assessed by Project Engineers and Government counterparts to have been “substantially completed."  By the last quarter of 2013, 14 out of the 17 “substantially completed” CSBs had received solar power.  The CSBs are now serving the purposes for which they were established.  For instance, in Upper Nile state, some rooms at Nassir Community Resource Centre were already being used as community courts by four Judges who used to conduct court sessions under four tree shades within the compound of the county office. 
  • Peace Cadres trained by SSPRC with CSAC support also initiated peace events like football matches, traditional dances, and wrestling events to foster good relations between warring communities. The most common conflicts being addressed relate to revenge, elopement, and conflicts at water points.



Project Overview
Project Name
Community Security and Arms Control
Status
Active
Project start date
1 January 2014
Estimated end date
31 December 2016
Geographic coverage
Eastern Equatoria
Jonglei
Lakes
Unity
Upper Nile
Warrap States
UNDAF outcome
Outcome 4: Violence is reduced and community security improved
Focal point
Lealem Berhanu Dinku
Team Leader
Democratic Governance and Stabilisation Unit
lealem.berhanu@undp.org
Partners
Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control (BCSSAC)
South Sudan Peace Commission (SSPC)
Donors (in USD)
UK (DFID) --- 5,888,093.52
EU --- 1,127,598.10
US --- 395,900.00
Norway --- 4,026,372.55
The Netherlands --- 5,116,030.22
Japan --- 170,509.85
Budget (2013)
USD 20,208,269