6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Tracking Progress

Although there is limited information on HIV/AIDS in South Sudan, reports show yearly increases in the prevalence rate and limited knowledge among the population about prevention.  HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years was 3.1 in 2006.  In South Sudan, malaria is considered hyper-endemic.

UNDP is managing the Global Fund for Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria in South Sudan which is providing organizational and technical support including surveillance studies and prevention and treatment programmes.

Facts & Figures

Where do we stand globally?

The global response to AIDS has demonstrated tangible progress toward the achievement of MDG 6. The number of new HIV infections fell steadily from a peak of 3.5 million in 1996 to 2.7 million in 2008. Deaths from AIDS-related illnesses also dropped from 2.2 million in 2004 to two million in 2008. Although the epidemic appears to have stabilized in most regions, new HIV infections are on the rise in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Globally, the number of people living with HIV is continuing to increase because of the combined effect of new HIV infections and the beneficial impact of antiretroviral therapy. more

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  3. Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
    • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
    • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course